BERGAMA MUSEUM (ACROSS THE HOTEL)
The first archeological excavations were done in 1878. Between 1900 and 1913 a museum was built to store the excavations and this museum was the first to include the archeological findings.
In 1932 Marshall Fevzi Çakmak visited Bergama and ordered a new museum to be built. This building was completed in cooperation with the German attendants.
Fazlı Güleç , who was the Governor of Izmir back then , made the opening ceremony in 1936.Laboratory , store , archive were added afterwards.It is possible to find the historical artifacts of the important ancient times.
Bergama Acropolis , as one of the most magnificent settlement areas of the Hellenistic Period dates back to BC. VII – VI centuries.The acropolis was the capital of the Pergamon Kingdom between BC 284 – 133. Acropolis has great view with its social and commercial structures constructed on the terraced step slopes.
The Atlar of Zeus, the Temple of Dionysus , the Temple of Demeter , the Great Library containing 200 thousand , bundles of boks , Theatre , Gymnasium , Royal Palaces , the Temple of Trajan , aqueducts fountains , cisterns and arsenals are the most important structures constructed in Bergama Acropolis.
The Place Where Death Is Forbidden To Enter and Testaments Are Not Opened!
The Asclepeıon of Bergama ,which is the largest medical centre of the archaic period,was constructed in the name of Asclepions ,the god of healing and medicine ,and remained as a famous treatment center untıl AD IV century .
The fidding reveal that small surgial operations were also performed in Asclepeion along with the diets,hot and cold bathing and physical exercises, the three basic antic treatment components.furthermore,patients were treated in this center with medicines,herbs,music,mud and sun bathing and also psychotherapy based on splash, inspiration and dream interpretations.
Asclepeion,which was constructed in a green country, use to be accessed from the Sacred Way (via tecta.)1 km long street.today,visitors of asclepeion can see the well preserved ruins the library,treatment bulding,theater,the temple of asclepios,sacred fountain,and underground passage (cryptoporticos).the international psychotherapy conferences attended by specialists from many different regions of the world have been held in Asclepion since 1984.
RED BASILICA Directions
The most spectacular structure of the Ancient Pergamum which was constructed under the reign of Hadrian (AD 117-138), on the plain is the “ Red Basilica”. According to data of cult and arts history, the red hall was dedicated to the God of Egypt, “Serapis” the temple was converted into a basilica shaped church with three naves by insertingtwo lines of columns in the temple during the early Byzantine period in the middles of V century AD and then dedicated to Saint John. Thus, it became one of the seven churches of Christianity. Tower-Shaped round structure (Rotunda), situated to the North of the Temple, has been used as a mosque “Kurtuluş Mosque” since the Otoman Period. There is a symbolizes the three Abrahamic religions along with the polytheistic archaicreligions and it is of the utmost importance with respect to religious history.
BERGAMA’S GREAT (YILDIRIM OR ULU) MOSQUE Directions
The Great Mosque is the largest and most ancient mosque among the otoman structures reaching to the present day in Bergama. The mihrab (a semi-circular niche inthe wall of a mosqua that indicates the kiblah)bearing the influences seljuk art,has great and rich marble decorations.the consruction inscription on the portal gate says that the mosque was built during the reign of Sultan Beyazid in 1938 to 1399.the handwriting on the Stone şadırvan (a foundation used for ritual ablutions and usually located in the middle of a mosque courtyard)in its couryard belongs to poet Aşki Efendi of Bergama.
ARASTA (OTTOMAN BAZAAR) Directions
Bergama Arasta which started to take its shape in the 14th and 15th centuries, has hosted many different craftsmanship for hundreds of years.the arasta has gathered different guildsinducting boot makers,shoe makers,linen drapers,saddlers and cereal dealers.the small shops of earch other at the Çınarlı (plane tree)squares of arasta.there are also different commercial structures such as covered bazaar and inns were added into arasta during the history .
Most of the structures surviving to the present day belong to the 19th century. This is due to the big fire of 1853. the repair of the exterior fronts of the shops in the ottomam bazaar was carried out by the municipality in 2007 to.
MEVLANA HACI HEKİM BATH Directions
Decicated to Hacı Mosque,the bath was built in1513.the bath is formed by two sections,
One for women and the other for men. It has a dimension of22x30 and has 24 domes in total.although it underwent varios repairs from time to time ,the complete renovation was performed in 2008 by the regional directorate of foundations. its couryard belongs to poet Aşki Efendi of Bergama.
KOZAK PLATEAU Directions
Kozak plateau is anatural paradise where the highest quality pine nuts are grown. It is famous for its grapes and wine along with the pine nuts since the ancient times.ın the region,there are mineral springs remaining from the roman empire period and the ancient perperene city lies in this region as well.ın the plateau with picnic areas,tramping and village trips are made there also certain events takes placesuch as mountain climbing and hunting.
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